If they had more than one room, the front or downstairs room was traditionally the andron or “men’s room” and the back or upstairs room (or just the rest of the house) was the gynaeceum or “women’s room”. Masonry walls were employed for temples from about 600 BC onwards. The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC. It is likely that many early houses and temples were constructed with an open porch or "pronaos" above which rose a low pitched gable or pediment. The Ionic entablature often carries a frieze with richly carved sculpture. The frieze is divided into triglyphs and metopes, the triglyphs, as stated elsewhere in this article, are a reminder of the timber history of the architectural style. 435, Werner Fuchs in Boardman, Dorig, Fuchs and Hirmer, pp.509–510. Each triglyph has three vertical grooves, similar to the columnar fluting, and below them, seemingly connected, are guttae, small strips that appear to connect the triglyphs to the architrave below. The upper band of the entablature is called the "cornice", which is generally ornately decorated on its lower edge. It employed wooden columns with capitals, but the columns were of very different form to Doric columns, being narrow at the base and splaying upward. The architects would only use mud bricks to make houses because that was the strongest supply they had. Many temples also carried architectural sculpture arranged to tell a narrative. Many houses centred on a wide passage or "pasta" which ran the length of the house and opened at one side onto a small courtyard which admitted light and air. A great deal of effort was made to build temples in prominent positions and, using sophisticated geometry, architects included optical ‘tricks’ such as thickening the lower parts of columns, thickening corner columns, and having columns ever so slightly lean inwards so that from a distance the building seemed perfectly straight and in harmony. [20] A triglyph is located above the centre of each capital, and above the centre of each lintel. House # 01,Road # 14, Sector # 13, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh ABSTRACT: The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from It did not reach a clearly defined form until the mid 5th century BC. In 334 BC it appeared as an external feature on the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates in Athens, and then on a huge scale at the Temple of Zeus Olympia in Athens, (174 BC – AD 132). Monumental arches often provided the entrances (paradoi) on either side of the stage. Cartwright, Mark. [11][13][26] A much applied narrow moulding is called "bead and reel" and is symmetrical, stemming from turned wooden prototypes. The Treasury of the Siphnians is built at, Ancient Greek Architects at Work: Problems of Structure and Design. Stadiums were named after the distance (600 ancient feet or around 180 metres) of the foot-race they originally hosted - the stade or stadion. A Companion to Greek Architecture provides an expansive overview of the topic, including design, engineering, and construction as well as theory, reception, and lasting impact.. Members by rows of columns in Greece seem to have contributed to temple architecture. 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