If the final decision belongs to be the minister, then this bill does not respect the inherent jurisdiction of Indigenous peoples and will simply be another extension of power of the agent. See the consistent use of a verb? You cannot remove a child because of poverty. Thank you. It would be related to curriculum, so French schools, for example, receive additional funding for teaching the French language. They are given their $1,200 when they turn 18 or 20 years old and are sent out to the street to get a life, and they are not prepared. That’s where we’re going to see the distinction happening. That was something that hadn’t existed in the bill previously. It’s getting to families before the crisis emerges. In here there’s a requirement for reassessment. Mr. Tremblay, Bill C-92 contains no guaranteed funding to enable First Nations jurisdiction. In this case, it is recognition of jurisdiction, which was never done before, as well as national standards, which we think is actually very good progress. So they have a process there. I have said to the government, “You use the word ‘engagement.’ What does that mean?” I don’t know what “engagement” means. We grew up in a small ranching community. It’s one of the principles that really guides the work there. You don’t have an obligation to take it, but you have the capacity. I.Â Foundation of MugsA.History of MugsB.Â Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society1. Mr. Given that vulnerable children’s well-being is at stake, we can’t waste time with that kind of lack of jurisdictional clarity, so I would really recommend that something be put in there. There would be a discussion on that change that will include money, but we’re not using the legislation as budget legislation, if you will. I don’t see how we can move the yardsticks if we don’t resource this. She went to the child care agency, and they said, “Well, if you sign them over, you could get $1,200 a month per child,” which makes a lot of sense. It shows we’ve been working with the three groups. Subordination is the relationship between the headings and the sub-headings. You can say, “We’re not going to remove because of poverty, but if we do remove, we’re going to place with family.” However, unless you ensure that family has a proper house that’s not filled with black mould, then that’s not going to change anything. It’s some of the health needs. They’re definitely pragmatically available to all of us, as we’ve seen through the different types of innovations that have been made around language and telehealth, except maybe now we’re going to create “tele-elder” or maybe even “tele-bear.”. Before we begin, I would like to invite my fellow senators to introduce themselves. They may also, through their legislation, establish standards that would apply to anyone dealing with kids who are part of their community. That’s what we’re doing for both intervention as well as for prevention now. But there were times when what we did was legislation that we called opting in and opting out, where First Nations can actually decide whether they will take it or not. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I think it needs to be needs-based. Nonetheless, you might still need to see that little difference, and this sample could show you that. Similarly, language on the funding in the preamble with respect to predictable, stable, sustainable, needs-based and consistent with the principle of substantive equality should be defined in a way that facilitates information-gathering — clauses 27 to 30 — and accountability — clause 31. First Nations people have a different sense of how this could be measured. I think it’s clear we need to have a certain time frame and come back to it to make sure the bill improves. Nobody is telling them the reason we have taken you from your home is this. They have much more sensitivity to that. We have the highest rate of children across Canada. Senator McCallum: Thank you for your presentations. As much as I despair sometimes when discussing funding formulas, there are so many variables for formulas that aren’t always recognizing the issues that the child needs. We are, to my knowledge, the only Western country in the world that does not have a national data collection system. The other important thing was the conversation around youth. Is that correct? Page: Senator, I applaud that the committee is pre-studying this before the bill is actually here. My job is to provide, as best I can, a review of it and point out its strengths, like the cultural continuity provisions, but also being realistic about the conditions it needs in order to be successful. It’s important for the committee to know that they found shortfalls in agencies even there. There are some positive aspects in this bill with respect to the way it highlights prevention and prenatal care. This is an aspirational piece of legislation, but the reality is we have thousands of Indigenous kids who are under permanent guardianship and need access. That is women’s sacred responsibility. Here are someÂ tips: Parallelism means the use of consecutiveÂ verbal constructions in a sentenceÂ that corresponds to the grammatical structure. Some of those provinces shared how many resources they get on an annual basis, and they’re holding pretty tight to it. We need that information here in Canada. You quickly go through that list because the family does not have the capacity, not because they’re choosing not to, but because socio-economic conditions have put them in that situation. Good morning, Madam Chair, senators and colleagues. Because it’s federal legislation, they would have the capacity to do that. That includes the important issue about First Nation persons who live in urban centres. Your font style should be Times New Roman. We need to have those discussions to say exactly what will happen. I thought a $19 family allowance was pretty good back in the 1970s. We also included recommendations to deal with the funding issues, and as we see this come to fruition, I regret to say that I think there are significant deficiencies in Bill C-92, particularly as it will be played out on the ground for children. There should be a commitment to include performance budgeting. Operations and maintenance typically includes the day-to-day activities necessary for the building/built structurei, its systems and equipment, and occupants/users to perform their intended fu… Senator Christmas: Thank you very much for being here. . If we feel this principle on substantive equality needs to go beyond results and needs to talk about outcomes, the language in there and the way the outcomes are defined need to be described in a way that makes sense for First Nations people. If not, what do you suggest we do about it? Is that right? We name them, which I think is a more elegant way of saying that. This has enabled those who deem themselves civilized to legitimize immoral and illegal actions towards our peoples for generations. I also fully agree with your definition of poverty. Get up to 50% off. It means that we have co-developed legislation with First Nations and Metis organizations. I also didn’t realize how poor I was until I moved to a larger city. Follow this format to avoid errors and more revisions in your research paper or essay. The resources are flowing out there. The implementation phase of the proposed bill will be crucial to helping ensure a smooth transition. Thank you for your time. If we leaned on the PBO in the early stages to provide an outside assessment and definition of what equality looks like, what it is in real dollar terms, but also data that would allow analysis and improvement to happen, that would be a very important component. Apprehension costs a lot of money at the moment, and it’s not necessarily producing the results. Dr. Blackstock mentioned a need for a national data collection system for children in care. One reason for this is that your research paper will not look cramped; it is neat and organized to look at. Think about how well we would do if we had enough to do more.”, Of all the places I went to, only one said, “Give the money to the agencies.” They said, “Give the money to the communities, because that’s where we need to do the community prevention work. Their children will continue to be apprehended and placed in communities not of their own, because there is too much poverty to place children there. This is a process. This definition is overly broad because it states that “a council, government or other entity” makes up an Indigenous governing body, but it gives no clear direction on how to determine what council, what government or what other entity is authorized to represent an Indigenous community. If we look at Kahnawá:ke, their child welfare agency is right there in Montreal. because this is not only a spirit. Over 20 years ago, I was among those who sat at the Joint National Policy Review for the Assembly of First Nations. From what I know of what my family went through in residential school, that was emotional deprivation and a different form of poverty more devastating than financial poverty. When we turn our minds, then, to the fact that we’re not going to be able to help you out on funding, should we pass this bill? Is that what you were suggesting? Ms. Blackstock: It has already been sent to the committee clerk. I know there’s tension with the AMC, but I think it can be resolved because this is not their legislation versus ours. Don’t use single-spaced paragraphs. There is this sense of terror. Senator Pate: It just seems unfortunate to potentially invite another tribunal ruling rather than address it up front. Thinking about what Cynthia shared with us, one of the pieces of this legislation I’ve been thinking a lot about is the best interests of the Indigenous child and how that is formulated. It did not include any First Nations or, to my knowledge, Metis or Inuit people in the drafting of the bill, nor did they allow us to see a second draft of the bill in order to be assured that some of the major elements that we felt were preconditions for success were integrated. Create a user account. Why didn’t you just help my mother?”. Despite its utilization of decimals, this outline type doesn’t differ that much from others. Favorite Add to 6 Size Appa avatar Silhouette Embroidery Design Digital Download NovStudio. I talked to a lot of grandparents, and I felt that we have a really strong problem with ageism. Yet that continues to be rebuffed in the versions of the bill. Government and policy-makers are looking to extend jurisdiction but without commensurate resources. The gap in Bill C-92 with respect to resourcing, new policy directions and First Nations, Metis, and Inuit children, youth and families raises a concern. Although the bill includes recognition that children shouldn’t be removed for socio-economic circumstances, what the bill does not acknowledge is that is not new. Substantive equality that takes full account of their unique histories, their circumstances, the historical disadvantage and the importance of their culture and their distinct rights as Indigenous children should be a floor for reconciliation. That’s the way we see it as distinctions-based. Senator Doyle: Norman Doyle, Newfoundland and Labrador. Finally, if there areÂ still more subheadingsÂ you want to add under your last subheadings, use lower case letters. There’s financial poverty. You may want to contact her to see what her analysis of it is. If you don’t accompany equitable child welfare funding, which we are beginning to make happen at the tribunal, with investments in these other areas, then families will not have that same opportunity to meaningfully improve their situation and reduce the risk that the family is placed in. Thank you very much for your presentations, and thank you, senators, for the questions. Senator Tannas: Would you give us a hand when we go to put something together on this? We have a lot of work to do. Perhaps I wasn’t looking in the right place, but I was searching in the bill for the words “distinctions-based approach.” I didn’t find it, but Mr. Tremblay, you mentioned in your remarks that your department will be exploring the creation of distinctions-based transition governance structures. It’s not going to be just local work that we do.”. 5 out of 5 stars (193) 193 reviews $ 9.99. We’ll see. Some may decide they will work with the provincial system. Many of the communities were working together kind of unofficially to help each other. Again, they’re held back. A state or metro-area APPA chapter provides the benefits you expect from APPA – professional networking, professional development opportunities, and education – at a local level that allows members to share experiences and address challenges unique to their campuses. There are a number of intersecting bills. Again, it’s just a passing thought. We have 13 provinces and territories; we have First Nations operating child welfare agencies for over 40 years.” But that’s really not an excuse. I’ve avoided talking about some of the data issues and tried to focus my remarks more on the financial issues. When we look at this definition, it has no gender-based lens. That’s going to make all the difference when it comes down to what happens with this. The APA covers the initial title page to bibliography citation page. It is clear that the voices of women who experience discrimination have not been included in the language of this bill. To me, honestly, senator, that would make a lot of sense. It’s probably answered in that document, but we haven’t seen it. Mr. Tremblay: The bill doesn’t say “distinctions-based.” I think we say First Nations, Inuit and Metis. There is no guaranteed level or structure of funding in this legislation, despite the fact that the preamble recognizes the call for funding in a sustainable and predictable way. It’s not clear, at least to a reader like myself, which court one would go to in order to get that protection order. In Minister Bennett’s department, there is a negotiation table on self-government, for example. I think the idea of measurable outcomes probably goes to defining “prevention.” They talk about preventive services, but I don’t feel like there’s a good definition of “prevention.”. We have similar concerns about clause 28 regarding collection, retention, disclosure and use of information respecting services. Senator McPhedran: Thank you, everybody, for being here with us today. The actual decision-making about what went into the bill was done by the government itself. I have had suicide in my family. I think it is a criminal injustice in many ways that we cannot even tell you today with any accuracy how many kids are in care in the country, let alone how well those children are doing across the trajectory of their life. You can work harder to get yourself out of financial poverty. OTTAWA, Tuesday, April 9, 2019 The Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples met this day at 8 a.m. to study the subject matter of Bill C-92, An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families. The recommendations we received on the context of the draft were carefully considered and integrated when possible. The costs are going up in a system that does not produce good results. I think money needs to be given that accommodates the needs of those communities and the needs of those agencies to do the best job possible. He’s looking really good these days. There was one situation where there was a very strong agency and a very weak agency. Is this something that you would like to see parliamentarians take the initiative on, to invite or request that the Auditor General of Canada do an independent evaluation? To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. We also had discussions with them on how the transition is going to be distinctions-based, because it is different. If you’re doing a Marshall Plan, it includes Indigenous languages and a whole variety of education, economic development and other inputs required in a Marshall Plan-type of instrument, which then is put in place with measurable outcomes largely determined by the people who want to see those sorts of outcomes themselves. So if you’re based in Toronto, there would be a family reunification program based in your nation that would assist you, even if you’ve never grown up in that community — maybe your parents or you were dislocated as a result of the Sixties Scoop — to be able to build a relationship back to your community, visit those communities and build relationships with your extended families and nation. The primary and what look like secondary factors are going to change because of what they see child and family services looks like. It needs to be strengthened, but it provides a foundation. Mr. Tremblay: The legislation is not imposing a model across Canada. YourÂ heading and subheading will look like this: I.Â Foundation of MugsA. If the bill passes, it will affirm what Indigenous people have been demanding for a long time. One of the flights was cancelled, so we are not sure if the other person is coming. Then we would say, in our amendment or our suggestion, that if a funding agreement can’t be negotiated, this would automatically become the funding agreement within a year. So the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC) can go ahead and continue to work on their legislation. I stopped in those different places. If you're on a mobile device, you may have to first check "enable drag/drop" in the More Options section. These could be highlighted in terms of mental health as well. Chapter 10: Snippet And More Outline Summary: Road ... (Appa did not get stolen in this au) spirits dont do papers. We have had a lot of conversations with them about the kinds of steps that they need to take, and I think we need to trust that process and give them what they ask for, not what we think they need. I will make a few remarks on the financial aspects of the bill. I could get excited about that. What does it mean it is going to be stable, sustainable, needs-based or consistent with the principles of standard? Your heading is the first and basic step in formatting your APA outline. Virginia Lomax, Legal Counsel, Native Women’s Association of Canada: You are absolutely right in that plainly looking at the language of this bill, it is clear there is no gender-based analysis whatsoever. If we were to say that substantive equality should drive the funding, and that could be determined every four years with a study by the PBO, this would give us a handle to grab onto that would, at a minimum, have a government explaining why they’re not doing that and having a PBO with the ability to wave a flag to say that it’s not being done. I know you had a few passing remarks about reciprocal agreements, but can you take a few moments to elaborate on how distinctions-based care can be implemented in urban areas? There are a couple of ways this can work. We’ve come to the end of our time. I’m not an Indigenous person, but I can empathize with what families go through. Isa Gros-Louis, Director General, Child and Family Services Reform, Indigenous Services Canada: During the engagement session, we heard the concerns you are raising of trying to balance all of this in the legislation. They have the ability. This bill, as it stands, is so deficient that if the idea is to firewall it by having a regulation system, then you need to shore up how those regulations are formulated. I think it would be hard to argue against some of these principles, like the best interests of the child, cultural continuity and substantive equality that includes rights but also outcomes. I think there is an opportunity to work with First Nations to hone down specifically what these groups are, because I can see a lot of potential there for jurisdictional quagmires as groups argue over who has a legitimate say and who is the Indigenous body. Well-being doesn’t come solely from this piece of legislation or from child or family welfare interventions. We are not meeting the needs there either. I haven’t seen any analysis that looks at how the two of these will intersect. I want you to do something unusual in this committee because business as usual has resulted in a circumstance for First Nations’ children that has resulted in prime ministerial apologies. Thank you all for taking the time to meet with us this morning. In addition, the tribunal signalled that we need to reform the system and that’s what this legislation is opening up. I don’t understand.”. This is a framework to guide provinces and territories until such time as Indigenous communities develop their own legislation. Then there’s a second part, which is to actually have an independent 360 review of the Indigenous Services and Crown Relations department. Canada has to connect to a very clear and open process for the development of regulations. This example contains several outline samples for you to relate on. This bill was not co-drafted with Indigenous women. Following up on the last question of Senator LaBoucane-Benson, one of the issues that comes up for us, and Senator Tannas raised it with our last witnesses, is when we start to make amendments that look like they are addressing funding, there are limitations on what the Senate can do. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: To be honest, I saw it organizing itself in all of those ways, depending on the communities themselves. We understand that this bill is a vital change to the way the system works right now, but we also need to ensure that bill contains the necessary amendments to truly protect Indigenous children and to truly respect inherent jurisdiction and self-government. These incorporate a prefix, which could be a letter or a number, before each topic that helps to cite them. Plan ahead and know when you will be on the Live Webinars and when you will take your exam! Mr. We had separate beds and food, but it was very violent and abusive. These reports should be used to adjust funding for these communities in a way that, going back to the preamble, is predictable, stable and sustainable — not sustainable for the federal government but for First Nations communities — and is truly needs-based. Those are people who have been discriminated against who are likely to be excluded from a benefit of this bill. This bill is more to shape a discussion that will ch ange a framework in the system and have a discussion between the partners, which is also provinces, because as you know, it’s First Nations, Inuit and Metis and it’s on and off reserve. It would be distinctions-based but not just First Nations, Inuit and Metis, because First Nations are not all the same. Finally, there are the standards. Over the coming months, Indigenous Services Canada will be exploring the creation of distinctions-based transition governance structures that would have representation from Indigenous partners, provinces and territories. The proposed pathways in this bill are meant to be tools for Indigenous groups and communities to transition to exercising jurisdiction over child and family services at a pace that works best for them. They don’t have five bedrooms. She said when they finally got them back, the children were only 7 and 9. We are good in non-Indigenous society at deciding which indicators we think are important. Ms. Blackstock: No, there has not. It wouldn’t just take an Alberta kid and an Alberta Indigenous kid, take that average, apply it over here and be done. We are not listening to what they have to say. In this context, the former Minister of Indigenous Services held an emergency meeting in January 2018 with Indigenous partners and her counterparts in the provinces and territories in order to discuss the situation. Numbers of students women and children need to establish appropriate baselines, then briefly outlines of... 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