Centuries before the birth of Jesus, the Norse in Scandinavia celebrated Yule or the winter solstice. Kwanzaa is celebrated by African American people to show unity and fight against oppression. It is a traditionally Christian sentiment. As you saw in our earlier post, there are tons of holidays that are celebrated in December, but arguably the main three are Hanukkah, Christmas, and Kwanzaa. Kwanzaa also celebrates faith, creativity, … Even religion finds its place under culture, rather than the other way around. Posted on December 9, 2010 by Jen. People from all over the world, including astronomers followed the Star of Bethlehem in order to bring gifts to the newborn. However, they admit that Kwanzaa has “an inherent spiritual quality,” and it must be said that some of its traditions have religious overtones. When Judah was captured by King Antiochus III the Great of Syria, he allowed the people to continue with their customs and religion. Christmas is now associated with Santa Claus as the bringer of presents to children that behave. Hanukkah is celebrated by Jewish people to commemorate the successful reclamation of the Second Temple. While, Christmas includes exchanging presents, Hanukkah and Kwanzaa are not associated with gift giving. The legend behind Hanukkah goes something like this according to the Book of Maccabees. by The author wishes to acknowledge the assistance of Elder Michael Kennedy in thinking through the place of Kwanzaa in African American culture today.]. Whatever else we may think about Kwanzaa, we should not allow it to distract us from Jesus, whom God sent to be born in the manger, to die on the cross, and to be raised from the dead, so that everyone who trusts in him could be saved. Although it is promoted as a festival for the worldwide African community, it is mainly observed here in the United States. However, they only come to their full expression and ultimate perfection in Jesus Christ. By Phil Ryken. Nia (Purpose): To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness. What are the primary difference between Kwanzaa and the holidays of Christmas and Hanukkah? Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, and Ramadan At the end of the year, we all have something to celebrate, and whether you break your fast at Ramadan, light Hanukkah candles, decorate a Christmas tree, or explore your roots at Kwanzaa, the library is the place to be! Coming up with Kwanzaa was Dr. Karenga’s way of reconnecting African Americans with their cultural past. Only the saving grace of Christ can do that. We can thank God for our ethnic heritage. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. This way no one feels left out and and you dont have to worry bout what you say every time you meet someone. Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in its entirety And what is true faith? Kwanzaa, which is celebrated from December 26 through January 1, is an interesting holiday that’s pretty similar to Hanukkah. Christmas, Hanukkah, Yule, Kwanzaa, Diwali (kind of), Boxing Day, and sometimes Ramadan. This year, Hanukkah begins on December 24 and lasts until January 1, Christmas (like always) falls on December 25, and Kwanzaa begins December 26 and lasts through January 1. Kwanzaa and Hanukkah, celebrated by African-Americans and Jewish people respectively, are observed during the Christmas season. Kwanzaa is Swahili and means `'first fruits.'' In fact, when Kwanzaa first started to attract public attention, many black churches actively opposed it for this reason. However, all three festivals include loved ones, joy, laughter and food. Image Courtesy: appsforpcmania.com, kids.britannica.com, melikedesign.com. It is a loving, trusting relationship with Jesus Christ as our Savior and Lord. Kwanzaa is a secular occasion, not a religious one. What is Kwanzaa, and how did it start? Called the Festival of Lights, Hanukkah is an eight-day celebration. However, the oil lasted eight days and this was considered as a miracle. Santa Claus can be dated back to Saint Nicolas, a monk born in 280 A.D. The month of December is known to bring many different holidays, of which Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanza are the most popularly known. The Bible teaches the importance of unity, work, responsibility, purpose, creativity, and faith. But what common grace can do is remind us of the good and gracious God who made us all. LIGHT. or in unaltered excerpts, as long as you do not charge a fee. However, many people often believe that Kwanza and Hanukkah are variants of Christmas that are celebrated by other cultures, such as the African Americans and the Jewish. The overlap between Kwanzaa and Christianity is not surprising. Though, Hanukkah, is not a command of God to commemorate the miracle which the holiday corresponds to, it stemmed from a special miracle from God, which enabled a lamp with so little oil, to stay lit for so much time. What are the primary difference between Kwanzaa and the holidays of Christmas and Hanukkah? However, since the content of this faith and the object of this meditation are left unspecified, Kwanzaa should not be considered an alternative religion. Merry Christmas refers, specifically, to the Christmas holiday, celebrated December 25th. Also discuss similarities and differences between Hanukkah and Christmas celebrations. Kwanzaa promotes seven virtues, or basic principles for life—one principle for each of the seven days of the festival. Many Christians feel uneasy about Kwanzaa. A Kwanzaa ceremony may include drumming and musical selections, libations, a reading of the African Pledge and the Principles of Blackness, reflection on the Pan-African colors, a discussion of the African principle of the day or a chapter in African history, a candle-lighting ritual, artistic performance, and, finally, a feast (karamu). Website: tenth.org, Phil Ryken was the senior minister of Tenth Presbyterian Church from 1995—2010 and is now the President of Wheaton College. One day of the festival is dedicated to faith, and another is called a Day of Meditation. In keeping with this definition, Kwanzaa is partly a harvest festival. Each day is dedicated to a principle, along with the lighting of the candle. (Hanukkah, Christmas and Kwanzaa.) See more ideas about christmas classroom, christmas school, christmas … Kwanzaa is rooted in the Black Nationalist movement of the 1960s and was established as a way to help African Americans to connect with their African culture and historical heritage. All the festivals are celebrated with a feast and all family members and loved ones are invited join the festivities. In the church of Jesus Christ, which unites people from all cultures into one indivisible and everlasting family. These virtues are rooted in traditional African philosophies of life. Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: [Information for this Window on the World comes from The Official Kwanzaa Website hosted by Dr. Maulana Karenga. hanukkah, kwanzaa & baby Jesus. However, they could only find one sealed and purified flash, marked with the Seal of the High Priest. Noun (es) Christmas Day, the day it is celebrated, 25 December, an English quarter day. All of the holidays have certain things in common, including unity, celebration and sharing. Have the children either write or draw a picture about 2 similarities and 2 differences between the 3 holidays. African-Americans who are Christian mostly also celebrate Christmas. Newspapers routinely provide coverage of local Kwanzaa observances, and television stations include Kwanzaa with Christmas and Hanukkah in their holiday greetings. But it is primarily a celebration of African culture. But we have to be careful not to make it the basis for our life in this world. This year Christmas Eve will fall on a Monday and Christmas Day on a Tuesday. definitely better … He was a popular saint among the Dutch people who used to help the poor and the needy. The festival is presented as a time of reverence for the Creator and the creation. The phrases Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays do have some differences. Whatever virtues there may be in Kwanzaa come to their fullest expression in Jesus Christ. To glorify God the way Jesus taught us, which we can only do through a saving relationship with him. You don’t have to be religious. Updated 4 hours ago 17 comments. ... Christmas Hanukkah Kwanzaa Baking Candy Snack Host & Hostess Gifts Gift Ideas Holiday Cookies. Decorations include green evergreen, fake snow, white colors, ornaments, tinsel and mistletoe. The name Kwanzaa is derived from the Swahili phrase “matunda ya kwanza”, meaning "first fruits of the harvest". Eating foods fried in oil, such as latkes and sufganiyot, and dairy foods. Kwanzaa was created by Maulana Karenga in 1966 and was celebrated in the same year. unaltered excerpts (not the content in its entirety) and provide a hyperlink to this page. December is about more than just Christmas. For Internet posting, please use only Antiochus IV Epiphanes demanded building an altar to Zeus at the Second Temple and prohibited anyone from practicing Judaism. It is another sign of God’s common grace, which is at work within all people and all cultures. Since the festival is held from December 26 to January 1 it appears to conflict with Christmas, and thus to rival Christianity. Includes children and sharing libations. Although, Karenga initially established the holiday as an alternate to other religions, he quickly changed it stating that it is not to replace any religion and that people could celebrate Kwanzaa along with Christmas and other religious holidays. The eight days of Hanukkah along with lighting the candles for the eight nights are in order to commemorate this miracle. In the words of its founder, Kwanzaa reaffirms “the dignity of the human person in community and culture, the well-being of family and community, the integrity of the environment and our kinship with it, and the rich resource and meaning of a people’s culture.”. Lighting candles, celebrating by showing unity and doing things for one another. There is not an Islamic winter holiday tradition. Kwanzaa is said to bring “a universal message for all people of good will”—language that sounds very much like what the angels said to the shepherds (see Luke 2:10; KJV). This temptation—to make everything else revolve around our culture—is one that we all face, whether or not we happen to be African American. H. Culmination. Kwanzaa is a secular occasion, not a religious one. Thus the thing that is most worth celebrating—at this or any other time of the year—is the coming of his salvation into the world. Kujichagulia (Self-Determination): To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves. Where is the best place to find unity? This is the difference between Kwanzaa and Christmas. However, in 175 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the son of Antiochus III invaded Judea and destroyed their land and looted their temples. Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics): To build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together. In many places, Christmas is associated with the nativity scene, in which Mary and Joseph travel from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the census and Jesus is born and laid in the manger. Whereas Kwanzaa offers us principles, Christmas gives us a person—the incarnate Son of God. Who has shown us what it means to work and to take responsibility for others? They are unity (Umoja), self-determination (Kujichagulia), collective work and responsibility (Ujima), cooperative economics (Ujamaa), purpose (Nia), creativity (Kuumba), and faith (Imani). However, Christmas is also considered with a mix of all different traditions from even before Jesus was born. Jesus of was born by virgin birth to Mary and her husband, Joseph. People who celebrate Christmas are Christians. The following books and websites will help make your holiday more complete. Kwanzaa is a week-long spiritual festival celebrated among the African Americans celebrated in the United States and in the Western African Diaspora in other nations of the Americas. Kwanzaa. Singing special songs, such as Ma'oz Tzur. People who celebrate Hanukkah are Jews. This is not the least bit true, it is important not to confuse these holidays in order to not hurt the sentiments of different people. According to Karenga, the symbols were designed to convey the seven principles. Close the day with a discussion on "what have we learned about Kwanzaa ", fill in KWL chart. Christmas decorations tend to involve the use of different lights, such as fairy lights on the … Hanukkah. December is about more than just Christmas. Following Mattathias’ death, his last son Judah became the leader. Playing the dreidel game, and giving Hanukkah gelt, Red and green colors. It starts on the 25th of Kislev, which can fall on anywhere between November and December on the Gregorian (Western) calendar. As a little girl, even though I didn’t know much about religion or culture, I knew that there had to be a connection between Hanukkah and Kwanzaa. Oct 6, 2011 - Explore Sister Teachers's board "Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa", followed by 3846 people on Pinterest. The purpose of Hanukkah is to celebrate the re-dedication of the Holy Temple which is actually the Second Temple in Jerusalem after the invasion of Antiochus IV; while Christmas, on the other hand, is to celebrate the day God has given His beloved Son Jesus Christ to the world that whoever believes in Him will have everlasting life according to the Gospel of John. Phil Ryken Kuumba (Creativity): To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it. Kwanzaa, which starts December 26 and ends January 1, is also grouped into the holiday festivities. In my very own concept the existing difference bewteen a Christmas Tree and a Family Tree is that the first is the traditional tree you bring home– or go into the woods and By opening our imaginations up to the sanctifying influence of the Holy Spirit. This is mainly because the slave trade that first brought Africans to America ripped them out of their cultural setting, and thus prevented tribal traditions from being handed down to future generations. So, people need not belong to a religious background to celebrate this holiday. It is celebrated from 26 December to 1st January and can sometimes be celebrated with Christmas and New Years. The start of December brings with it many different holidays that are celebrated across many cultures and religions. If there is a danger in Kwanzaa, it is the temptation of turning culture into a religion. Kwanzaa, which starts December 26 and ends January 1, is also grouped into the holiday festivities. The major difference includes how each festival is celebrated and the reason the festival is celebrated. This is mainly a matter of timing. However, they only come to their full expression and ultimate perfection in Jesus Christ. Supporters of the festival claim that it is cultural, not religious, and that therefore it is compatible with any religion, including Christianity. Unity, work, responsibility, purpose, creativity, and faith are noble virtues. What is our true purpose in life? Because we are all made in the image of God (see Gen. 1:27), we cannot help but reflect his goodness and grace, in spite of our sin. to the above must be approved by Tenth Presbyterian Church. The terms Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays have become a very controversial subject and are under constant debate. Umoja (Unity): To strive for and to maintain unity in the family, community, nation, and race. As a result, Christmas, Hanukkah and many other religious and cultural celebrations fall during the month of December. Although, the celebrations now include these things, Christmas is and always been about the birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Hope you enjoy as much as I did! It was founded in 1966. The last major Islamic religious holiday, Ramadan, based on a lunar calendar, ended on August 31. Turns out, I was completely right. It can be dated back to the 2nd century BC and lasts eight nights. Hanukkah, Ramadan and Kwanzaa certainly don’t. Comparison between Christmas, Kwanzaa and Hanukkah: Chanukah or Chanukkah, Festival of Lights, Feast of Dedication, Celebrated by African- Americans of all religious background, Successful reclamation of the Second Temple, 25 December, although this date may change in certain countries, Begins on 25 Kislev according to the Jewish lunar calendar, Church services, gift giving, family and other social gatherings, symbolic decorating. “Many people mistakenly believe that Kwanzaa is a religious holiday, but it isn’t at all,” said Jack. a decorative mat (Mkeka) on which other symbols are placed, corn (Muhindi) and other crops, a candle holder kinara with seven candles (Mishumaa Saba), a communal cup for pouring libation (Kikombe cha Umoja), gifts (Zawadi), a poster of the seven principles, and a black, red, and green flag. Though it doesn’t always fall in December, Hanukkah is also associated with the December holiday season. Presbyterian Church. With the exception of self-determination, these virtues echo important aspects of biblical Christianity. It was founded in 1966. He is the author of. How can we reach our full creative potential? Jack said that people of all religions can celebrate Kwanzaa because it is a holiday that focuses on the maintenance of principles and values. Any exceptions Since, it took eight days to clean and purify oil, not enough oil was available to sustain the candle for that long. Or Hanukkah. Difference between Christmas, Kwanza and Hannukah Key Difference: Christmas is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ, son of God. Unlike immigrant groups that chose to come to America, Africans did not have a social context that enabled old traditions to survive in the new world. The combination of Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa. This year, Eid al-Adha, the Festival of Sacrifice, falls on November 6. The Son of God, who did the work of salvation when he took our sins upon himself. Read the Cioppino vs. Frutta Di Mare - Whats the Difference discussion from the Chowhound Restaurants, Boston food community. December 8, 2002. Lighting candles each night. Unity, work, responsibility, purpose, creativity, and faith are noble virtues. Common grace cannot save us. Though it doesn’t always fall in December, Hanukkah is also associated with the December holiday season. Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility): To build and maintain our community together and make our brothers' and sisters' problems our problems, and to solve them together. Kwanzaa was invented in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga, who chairs the Department of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach. Join the discussion today. Here’s a holiday message courtesy of Madge Stein Woods that explains the differences between Christmas and Chanukah. From his involvement in the Black Freedom Movement, Dr. Karenga recognized that black Americans lacked a cultural celebration that would affirm their African heritage. During the last ten years the African cultural celebration known as Kwanzaa has become increasingly prominent in public life. Kwanzaa and Hanukkah include lighting a light and a similar candlestick (Kwanzaa has 7 candles and Hanukkah has 9), while Christmas includes a decorated tree and in some homes the Nativity scene. Called the Festival of Lights, Hanukkah is an eight-day celebration. Just in case anyone asks you what the difference is between Christmas and Kwanzaa and Hanukkah are important holidays that reflect the African American culture and the Jewish culture, respectively. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2021, Difference Between | Descriptive Analysis and Comparisons. © 2021 Tenth Hanukkah celebrates faith and resistance against oppression. What is the difference between Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanzaa? Difference Between | Descriptive Analysis and Comparisons, Counterintelligence Investigation vs Criminal Investigation. We can even celebrate it. Kwanzaa symbols include a decorative mat (Mkeka) on which other symbols are placed, corn (Muhindi) and other crops, a candle holder kinara with seven candles (Mishumaa Saba), a communal cup for pouring libation (Kikombe cha Umoja), gifts (Zawadi), a poster of the seven principles, and a black, red, and green flag. December 10, 2011 at 6:29 AM Public Although Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanzaa are observed in the same month of the year, according to the Gregorian calendar, they are neither related to each other nor the birth of Jesus the Messiah (Yeshua ha-Mashiach). Red, Black and Green to represent Kwanza colors. Imani (Faith): To believe with all our hearts in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. Every year before we have our big Christmas Around the World day we teach Christmas, Hanukkah & Kwanzaa first, figuring those are holidays the kids will have experience with in their real lives. Kwanzaa is celebrated seven days and honors seven principles. Hanukkah. 2 Your Cookware Christmas? Reciting Hallel prayer. Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanzaa are the three major holidays that can be found in December. ; Christmastide, the Twelve Days of Christmas, the season (traditionally from the 24th of December to the 6th of January) around the holiday. It spreads good tidings to those who celebrate Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, or any other holiday. The word Kwanzaa means “first fruits” in Swahili, the most widely spoken African language. The holiday trio of Hanukkah, Christmas and Kwanzaa are bunched into almost overlapping dates this season, providing the chance to share faiths and cultures. 1. According to the Official Kwanzaa Website, the festival “brings us together from all countries, all religious traditions, all classes, all ages and generations, and all political persuasions on the common ground of our Africanness.” This makes it sound like culture is the ultimate reality. Following the cleaning and purifying process of the temple, the people looked for purified olive oil in order to light the tradition Jewish candle, or Menorah. Christmas is a popular holiday that is associated with the Christmas tree, Santa Claus, and lots of presents. Feel free to embellish and add your observations about these two holidays, as well as our other great December days, Kwanzaa and the Winter Solstice. The Seven principles are: Hanukkah is a Jewish festival that is celebrated to commemorate the rededication of the Holy Temple (Second Temple) in Jerusalem. Mattathias, a Jewish priest, and his five sons led a rebellion against the King. 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