The Americans donated generously as well, with Washington dispatching eight official planeloads of official relief aid plus a Lockheed C-141 Starlifter from Italy. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Armenia, 1988 - BPPBWG from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [25][26] Igor Nesterov, (head of seismology of USSR) said the Leninakan seismic station was destroyed so there was no way of knowing whether it received reports of an earthquake coming its way, although Nesterovs' colleagues later said the station was not able to receive reports because of the lack of instruments it carried. I felt the emotions of the characters. The range is situated along an active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps in southern Europe to the Himalayas in Asia. [28], The French arrived in Armenia in the late evening on Friday, December 9 and relieved the exhausted Armenian workers who then returned to Yerevan. The Soviet's grid plan road scheme was found to not take into account the hillside at the new city's location, and the American's plan included finer details of how commercial centers and government facilities were grouped together in an open and communal style. Oganesian3 The studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. The cost of rebuilding would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev's plan for economic restructuring. Six friends were in the basement of a nine-story building relocating barrels when it came down around them on December 7. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. Region Time Mag. Moving westward closer to the central segments though, a transition of the fault type was becoming apparent, where an almost equal distribution of reverse fault mechanisms were observed as the strike-slip type. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. The shocks at the southeastern segment indicated right-lateral strike-slip movement along a nearly vertical fault, and may have been related to the Alavar fault. Thirty years ago this month, on Dec. 7, 1988, a magnitude-6.8 earthquake shook the northern region of the then-Soviet republic of Armenia. Nine crew and 69 military personnel were on board the plane that struck a helicopter in foggy conditions at the small airport that was overrun with rescue flights. A total of 189 such individuals were identified through neighbourhood polyclinics in the city of Leninakan and 159 noninjured controls were selected from the same neighbourhoods. A great and touching movie about the Armenian earthquake in 1988. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … That solidified it for Simourian — Kennedy was his only hope. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. This is a massive undertaking, and foreign involvement is both a necessary and a complicating factor. Spitak was entirely destroyed during the devastating 1988 earthquake, and it was rebuilt in a slightly different location. Buildings that didn't collapse featured well-maintained masonry and skeletal components that were joined together adequately in a way that allowed for the building to resist seismic waves. So among disaster movies there is drama and action. Browse more videos. The earthquake's effects were assessed at ten on that seismic scale. A group of French recording artists and actors came together with the French writer and composer Charles Aznavour to record the 1989 song "Pour toi Arménie" (For you Armenia). In Leninakan there was a need for 18 new hospitals, 12 of which could be funded with the assistance of the republics of the Soviet Union, but foreign help would be required to build six additional facilities. The background music was beautiful too. It is very well made, true to life, and unrelenting. Leninakan earthquake in the Armenian region of Spitak 1988 by DiFilm. You do get to see the good we can do; you also see those who take advantage of others. Northern Armenia comprises a mountainous plateau interspersed with populated river valleys and is home to a portion of t… 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days The region that the earthquake occurred is vulnerable to occasional large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. Beginning with late 1987 the Caucasus region was experiencing a surge in political turmoil with large and near constant demonstrations being held in the capital of Yerevan beginning in February 1988. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. A major earthquake devastated the Armenian Republic of the Soviet Union on December 7, 1988, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries. [30], Red tape inevitably held up some of the rescue efforts and criticism of the perceived flawed processes soon followed. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as many people as they can before the aftershocks hit. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. The tapes were then played back and the P-wave and S-wave arrival times were used to automatically determine aftershock locations. [32] Nikolai Ryzhkov, the then Chairman of the Council of Ministers, was awarded the National Hero of Armenia for his work in rebuilding the city following the earthquake. President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the 1988 earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress. One hundred and thirteen countries sent substantial amounts of humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union in the form of rescue equipment, search teams and medical supplies, but private donations and assistance from non-governmental organizations also had a large part of the international effort. Both Leninakan and Kirovakan were roughly equidistant from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage. The engineers who scrutinized the damaged buildings and the rescue workers who had dismantled the buildings while extricating survivors ascribe both design shortcomings and improper construction methods for the failure of the buildings. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia… On December 7th 1988 Armenia was hit by a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25,000 people and destroyed several cities. Azerbaijan Celebrated 1988 Earthquake That Leveled Armenia’s Yerevan — Russian General’s Testimony Man's descent into bug, 1988-style . There's a problem loading this menu right now. [36], As of July 1989 about $500 million in donations had been delivered to the Armenians from 113 countries. [13] During the earthquake, the northeast-facing side of the Spitak section rode up and over the southwest-facing side. The east-central segment coincided with the surface breaks between Spitak and Gekhasar, while the west-central portion's break was concealed under an anticline and was not visible at the surface. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. The highway's embankment failed, and though the site was repaired immediately, the resulting damage to the highway caused considerable delay in getting people and supplies into and out of the area following the disaster. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. [21], The instrumentation included ten smoked paper analog seismometers that were configured to allow for 48 hours of continuous single-component data recording. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. The cities of Spitak, Leninakan (Gyumri), and Kirovakan (Vanadzor) were greatly affected with large losses of life and devastating effects to buildings and other structures. Author and professor of geopolitics Pierre Verluise detailed in his 1995 book Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, how a French doctor and director of a Leninakan hospital described that he had seen one hundred victims suffering from the syndrome each day during the first three days. They sustained themselves on the food supplies — fruit salad, pickles, and smoked ham — that were available in the basement for 35 days before their rescue in January. It took six weeks from the creation of the song to completion of the disc and with almost two million copies sold, the foundation was able to build 47 schools and three orphanages for the victims of the disaster. The movie walks you very well though the emotions of those involved. ARMENIAN EARTHQUAKE 07/12/1988 . 5 years ago | 7 views. Going westward the fault split into two branches, a north-dipping reverse fault (north branch) and a right slip fault (south branch), but neither produced surface rupture. Economic and social collapse followed: the first Karabagh war with Azerbaijan killed about 30,000 people, and millions of Armenians and Azeris became impoverished and homeless refugees and emigrants in the years of chaos. The flight also carried Robert Seiple (president of World Vision) and a UCLA doctor who had worked in the aftermath of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. [9], American businessman and philanthropist Armand Hammer, well known to the Soviet Union for his financial pursuits and humanitarian ties, left Los Angeles for Armenia on board a Boeing 727 loaded with 2,300 pounds of medical supplies that were provided by the American Red Cross. [10][12], The source of the event was a fault rupture 40 kilometers (25 mi) south of the Caucasus Mountains, a mountain range that has been produced by the convergence of the Arabian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. A monument, Armenian Earthquake, expressing the appreciation of the Armenian people for assistance from the U.S. was erected in Washington D.C. in 1990. Those who were killed on the plane were planning to join an estimated 20,000 soldiers and 85,000 civil defence workers in rescue efforts by searching for survivors, supplying food and water, and setting up sanitation facilities in the region. Most of those funds went into the initial relief work and medical care plus the beginning portion of the rebuilding phase. Most bridges and tunnels and other public infrastructure withstood the earthquake but hospitals did not fare well. In pictures: 25th anniversary of Armenian earthquake, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=1988_Armenian_earthquake&oldid=3409978, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. 2:19 [Deleted video] ԿԱՅԱՑՈՒՄ by HaykFilms. Jump to navigation Jump to search. . A director, a doctor, a rescuer - stories of three people who survived the terrible earthquake in Armenia in 1988 and rebuilt their lives. The first site was on the highway that linked the three most damaged cities and was adjacent to a tributary of the Pambak river where the water table was close to the surface. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. A total of five sub-events occurred in the first eleven seconds and an aftershock measuring 5.8 (local magnitude) occurred four minutes and twenty seconds later. Horrible acting. On December 7th 1988 Armenia was hit by a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25, 000 people and destroyed several cities. The daily newspaper Sotsialisticheskaya Industriya noted that there were families living out in the open even while there were an abundance of tents available. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. The team then set out to determine an accurate velocity model using data from the more accurate telemetry network. Updated 13 Dec 2020 18:56 GMT - There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. Then-Armenian Assembly Board Chairman Hirair Hovnanian leading a delegation bringing humanitarian relief to Armenia after the 1988 earthquake WASHINGTON, D.C. – On the 30th Anniversary of the Spitak Earthquake, the Armenian Assembly of America (Assembly) remembers the thousands of lives lost and villages destroyed after a massive earthquake, registering 6.9 on the Richter Scale, struck… At the Yerevan airport, western pilots reported a breakdown in air traffic control communications, with flight controllers not delivering the necessary flight navigation instructions, allowing for a critical lack of separation as foreign planes made their way into the area. I was in Leninakan in 1982, when Armenia was still the "sunny outdoor museum of the USSR", a place of good food, ancient culture, a creative people risen from the ashes of the 1915 Genocide. Thirty-two years ago, on December 7, 1988, one of the most terrible tragedies in the modern history of Armenia took place. Eight of the selected sites were equipped with a vertical component velocity transducer along with an FM telemetry link to transfer data back to a central station where a three-component unit was stationed. [38][39], The Tsakheadzhor earthquake on October 20, 1827 was centered about 50 kilometers (31 mi) southeast of Spitak and had a maximum intensity of VIII on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next. Rentals include 30 days to start watching this video and 48 hours to finish once started. Follow. December 7, 2020, 09:09 Today marks 32nd anniversary since 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. Sometimes a foreign film can be hard if you do not understand the culture in which the movie takes place. Earthquake engineering experts scrutinized building construction styles and found fault in the poorly constructed apartments and other buildings that were built during the Era of Stagnation under the rule of Leonid Brezhnev. List of earthquakes in Armenia. Noji,2 &A.P. Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … Very touching. Reviewed in the United States on October 1, 2020. Prague, 17 March 1998 (RFE/RL) -- Nearly ten years ago, on December 7, 1988, a massive earthquake rocked northwestern Armenia, killing some 50,000 inhabitants. [21], The epicenters of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively narrow 50 km (31 mi) band. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). [33], Seventy-eight people were killed while on a relief mission to Leninakan when a Soviet Ilyushin Il-76 crashed on approach to the airport there. Reviewed in the United States on December 13, 2020. Hammer, known for his decades of work with the Occidental Petroleum Corporation, had spoken with Gorbachev prior to leaving and was carrying with him $1 million in relief funds. [20], The area where Armenia lies is of interest to seismologists and geologists because of the relatively early stage of continental collision occurring there and because the earthquake's strong aftershock sequence and significant surface faulting presented scientists with an environment to study reverse faulting. The Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, around 75 kilometers (47 mi) from the epicenter, experienced only minor shaking and no damage occurred there, but was eventually closed for a period of six years due to vulnerability concerns. Mkhitarian said that 130 factories were destroyed and 170,000 people were out of work. I thought it was excellent. Yuri S. Mkhitarian, an Armenian State Building Committee official, gave an updated damage report that included some of the outlying communities away from the population centers stating that 342 villages were damaged and another 58 were destroyed. This is an excellent movie. The paper also stated that too many Soviet personnel were giving advice and not enough people were actually searching. Half of those funds were from World Vision International, a California-based relief and development umbrella organization, and the other half were his own personal donation. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes … Soviet Armenia had three major quakes in the first fifty years of existence in Leninakan (1926) and Zangezur (1931 and 1968). We need foreign assistance--and there is no doubt about that--but our friends do not know the local conditions and propose things that cannot or should not be built in an earthquake-prone region. mayrik (earthquake in Armenia) Report. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ, Spitaki yerkrasharj), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). A Father's Promise An All-Creatures Spiritual Archives Story from All-Creatures.org A Father's Promise. 1988 Armenian earthquake is located in Armenia, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Collapse of Floors, Leninakan, Armenia.tif, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Partial Collapse of Masonry Building, Spitak, Armenia.tif, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Urban Search and Rescue Virginia Task Force 1, "Still Recovering: A visit to the 1988 "center of the epicenter, "Soviet aides say deaths in quake may reach 50,000", "Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in Armenia - A Cohort Approach", International Epidemiological Association, "Lessons and questions emerge from Armenian quake", "Armenia's Metsamor NPP, Built Near Fault Line, Gets 10 Year Life Extension", "Armenia's Nuclear Risk; Antiquated Power Station to Be Reopened Despite Wide Concerns About Safety", "6 Found Alive in Armenia 35 Days After Quake", "Soviet Relief Plane Crashes, Killing 78", "Soviet Union: When the Earth Shook – A killer quake devastates Armenia, and the West responds with unprecedented aid", "Russia 'Concerned' About Armenian Protests Of Foreign-Language Schools", "Yugoslav Pilots Blamed in Crash of Quake Relief Plane", "Story of Charles Aznavour's "For you Armenia, "Faucets, Not Hospitals : Armenia Aid Gets Back to the Basics", "In Armenia, Revival the American Way; U.S. Architects Plan an Earthquake-Resistant Spitak", "Out of Earthquake's Rubble Rises Soviet-U.S. Teamwork", "The Spitak (Armenia) earthquake of 7 December 1988: field observations, seismology and tectonics", "Geometry, segmentation and stress regime of the Spitak (Armenia) earthquake from the analysis of the aftershock sequence", "Earthquake of 7 December 1988, Spitak, Armenia report of the NZNSEE team visit of 1989", "Liquefaction and Embankment Failure Case Histories, 1988 Armenia Earthquake", "American critical care team at foreign disaster: The Armenian experience", Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988, On this day – 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake, Rescue efforts underway after earthquake strikes the Soviet republic of Armenia. The relief effort is slow and chaotic. For me a movie is about going on a journey with the characters, and this was the reason for 5 stars. The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. Aznavour, together with Armenian-French composer Georges Garvarentz, formed a foundation called "Aznavour for Armenia" and composed the song as a call for help for the Armenians. While that shock may have been related to the Pambak-Sevan fault, the October 22, 1926 Leninakan earthquake to the west of the 1988 event also had a maximum intensity of MSK VIII. Gorbachev, in a TV interview several weeks after his expedited return from New York City, said that the concrete blocks had been built with more than enough sand but too little concrete, and suggested that the concrete had been stolen. image caption The … On 7 December 1988 a colossal earthquake hit Armenia, leading to the deaths of 20,000 people. Find the perfect earthquake in armenia 1988 stock photo. Private donations from the United States were also significant. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. Over 40,000 lives were lost. I like some low budget movies but the acting and scenes in this movie was laughable. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. "[17], Many buildings did not hold up to the shaking of the earthquake and those that did collapse often lacked any survival space, but lack of effective medical care and poor planning also contributed to the substantial scope of the disaster. The mainshock produced surface rupture and propagated to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the southeast. Very moving. Armenian,1 E.K. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. 1988 Armenian earthquake is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians.If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. It occurred on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 Armenian local time. Video availability outside of United States varies. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. Activity in the ar… It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. Reviewed in the United States on November 7, 2020. 140,000 people were injured and 500,000 more were left homeless. Latest earthquakes in or near Armenia past 30 days. The movie does the earthquake well, but its not like a high budget film would do. 3:22. But the film does stress the way good people helped each other in the shattered city, and the scenes of rescue pouring in from Russia, Georgia, Tajikistan, and elsewhere are not only a thread to cling to. The characters are compelling and complex. There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. While foreign doctors did assist with the Chernobyl incident, the Soviet relief effort after the earthquake was augmented by the largest foreign cooperation since World War II. Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. 1988 Armenian earthquake is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians.If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. No need to register, buy now! mayrik (earthquake in Armenia) Erline Marlowe. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 30 earthquakes in the past 365 days Epilepsy in Armenia: Report on a Teaching Course in Yerevan Armenia is a small country in the South Caucasus that had suffered a severe earthquake in 1988 and an economic collapse after the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. Travelling or based outside United States? Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. On the east end the events were shallow while the western side, where the majority of the larger aftershocks were concentrated, the hypocenters were up to 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) deep. The group, including a structural engineer who specialized in seismic-resistant designs, agreed that building inadequacies were the primary reason why the strong (but not huge) earthquake was so damaging, although the freezing temperatures also played a role in the unusually high death toll. . 1988 Earthquake Memorial Day: December 7. Select the department you want to search in. 8:25. The earthquake measured 6.8 on the surface wave magnitude scale and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Devastating) on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … Playing next. [18], The Soviet news media and government officials soon began to discuss the apparent substandard construction styles that had caused so many of Armenia's buildings to collapse. 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